Fourth Year LLB Honors Degree Program Syllabus

Seventh Semester  
       
1.
Company Law
 
1.
Introduction
   
Definition, Nature, Advantages and Disadvantages of a company.
 
2.
Registration and Incorporation
 
3.
Memorandum of Association
   
Various clauses of Memorandum of Association
 
4.
Articles of Association
   
Constructive Notice and Doctrine of Indoor Management and Limitations
 
5.
Prospectus
   
Definition, Contents of Prospectus, Remedies for Misrepresentation
 
6.
Promoters
   
Definition, Duties, Liability and Position
 
7.
Shares
   
Allotment, Statutory Restrictions, General Principles, Transfer of Shares
 
8.
Shareholders and Members
   
Definition, How to become a member, who may be a member, calls on shares
 
9.
Share Capital
   
Kinds of share capital, Share Warrants
 
10.
Directors
   
Position, Appointment of Directors, Qualifications of Directors, Powers of Directors, Duties of Directors, Meetings of Directors
 
11.
Other Managerial Personnel
 
12.
Meetings
   
Kinds of Meetings, Voting
 
13.
Dividends, Audit and Accounts
 
14.
Borrowing, Lending, Investments and Contracts
 
15.
Debentures
   
Definition, Features and Kinds of debentures, Charge
 
16.
Majority Powers and Minority Rights
   
Rule in Foss v. Harbottle and exceptions
 
17.
Prevention of Oppression and Mismanagement
 
18.
Investigations
 
19.
Kinds of Company
 
20.
Reconstruction and Amalgamation
 
21.
Defunct Companies
 
22.
Winding up
   
Types of winding up, Consequences of winding up, Powers of Liquidator
 
23.
Conduct of Winding up
         
  BOOKS RECOMMENDED
 
1.
Indian Company Law : Avtar Singh Law  
 
2.
Guide to Companies Act : Rammiaya  
 
3.
Company Law : Palmer  
 
4.
Gower : Principles of Modern Company Law  
         
2.
Labour Law
 
1.
Industrial Disputes Act, 1947.
   
a.
Define concept and scope of industrial dispute.
   
b.
Concept of industrial dispute, ambit and basic conditions
   
c.
Concept of Workmen, Employer, and Wages under the Industrial Disputes Act.
   
d.
Various authorities under the Act, scope of their powers, functions and dispute settlement procedures.
   
e.
Define appropriate government, reference mechanism and powers of appropriate government
   
f.
Retrenchment, meaning, concept, implications and procedures
   
g.
Layoff, meaning, concept, implications and procedures
   
h.
Strike and lockout - definition and effectively
   
i.
Collective Bargaining, techniques and procedures
   
j.
Unfair labour practice and its obligations
   
k.
Protection to striking workman under the Act
   
l.
Domestic inquiry, various subjects and procedures
   
m.
Workman compensation Act — definition, meaning of dependents, kinds of disabilities of workmen and wages
   
n.
Eligibility to claim compensation, condition precedent, scope of application of law, extension of the course of employment
   
o.
Occupational disease, class, department and extent of disablement
   
p.
Authorities under the Act, their powers, function and procedures
   
q.
Procedure for seeking relief under the Act.
 
2.
Industrial Disputes (Standing Orders) Act, 1946
   
a.
Procedure for certificate of standing orders
   
b.
Matters that should be contained in the standing orders
   
c.
Certifying officer and his powers
 
3.
Trade Union Act, 1926
   
a.
The concept of trade unionism and the need for legislation.
   
b.
Procedure for registration of a trade union.
   
c.
Matters to be provided in the bylaws of a registered trade union.
   
d.
The purpose for which general funds of Trade Union could be spent.
   
e.
The idea of political fund, purpose and manner of collection and its use.
   
f.
Immunities available to a trade union.
   
g.
Procedure for amalgamation of a trade union.
 
4.
Minimum Wages Act, 1948
   
a.
Historical basis of minimum wages Act
   
b.
Definition of employer and employee
   
c.
Definition of wages, distinguish it with ID Act, WC Act, Payment of Wages Act.
   
d.
Various concepts of wages.
   
e.
Procedure for fixing and revising of minimum wages.
 
5.
Payment of Wages Act, 1936
   
a.
Definition of wages and concept of wages
   
b.
Responsibility for payment of wages, fixation, time and manner of payment
   
c.
Deductions allowed under the Act, the idea and the conditions.
   
d.
Specific deductions and the manner and extent.
   
e.
Fine as deduction, procedure for its imposition and levy.
   
f.
Deduction for absence and damage to property: imposition and levy
   
g.
Power of the inspector and facilities to be afforded to the inspector.
 
6.
Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923
   
a.
Meaning of dependant for the purpose of Workmen’s Compensation Act.
   
b.
Meaning and implications of disability, partial disablement and total disablement.
   
c.
Meaning of workmen and wages for the purpose of Workmen’s Compensation Act.
   
d.
Meaning of accident and personal injury and cases relating there unto.
   
e.
The extent and importance of the concept “Arising out of and in the course of employment”.
   
f.
Doctrine of notional extension of course of employment and employers premises.
   
g.
Doctrine of added peril and the consequences thereof for injured workmen.
   
h.
Conditions necessary to enable the workmen to claim compensation under the Act.
   
i.
The scheme and rate of compensation u/s 4; calculation of wages for the purpose of compensation.
   
j.
The concept and classification of occupational disease and the determination of the extent of disablement.
   
k.
The scheme of distribution of compensation, procedure for claiming compensation u/s 8, 9,10 and 12.
   
l.
Appointment and qualifications of commissioner under WC Act: procedure and other requirements thereof.
   
m.
Powers and functions of Commissioner under the WC Act.
   
n.
Rights of appearance before the Commissioner, procedure for recording of evidence and registration of contracts.
   
o.
Provision for appeal against the order of the commissioner, competent appellate authority and procedure thereof.
       
  BOOKS RECOMMENDED
 
1.
Mishra S.N. : Labour Law Law  
 
2.
Mallik : Industrial Law  
 
3.
Srivastava S.C. : Labour Law and Industrial Relations  
 
4.
Malhotra O.P : Industrial Disputes Act  
   
3.
International Law and Human Rights
 
1.
Historical and theoretical foundation of International law
 
2.
Basic Principles of international Law
   
a.
Sovereign equality of States
   
b.
Non intervention
   
c.
Non use of force
   
d.
International cooperation
   
e.
Peaceful settlement of disputes
 
3.
Sources of International Law
   
a.
Treaties
   
b.
Customs
   
c.
General Principles of Law recognized by Civilized Nations
   
d.
Judicial & Arbitral decisions and Juristic Opinions
   
e.
UN General Assembly Resolutions
 
4.
Relationship between International and Internal Law
   
a.
Theories
   
b.
State practice with special reference to India and United Kingdom
 
5.
Subjects of International Law
   
a.
State
   
b.
International organizations
   
c.
Individuals/ Peoples
   
d.
MNCs and other Private Entities
 
6.
The Law of Recognition
   
a.
Recognition of States
   
b.
Recognition of Governments
   
c.
Recognition Dejure and Defacto
   
d.
Legal effects of Recognition
   
e.
Stimson’s doctrine of non-recognition
 
7.
JurisdictIon of States
   
a.
Territorial jurisdiction
   
b.
Personal jurisdiction
   
c.
Protective jurisdiction
   
d.
Universal jurisdiction (terrorism, hijacking, narcotics, war crime and crimes against peace)
   
e.
Diplomatic immunities and privileges
   
f.
State immunity
 
8.
Law of State Responsibility
   
a.
Nature and kinds of responsibility
   
b.
Responsibility for breach of treaty and expropriation of property including the Calvo clause and the law relating to debts
   
c.
Responsibility for international delinquencies
   
d.
Treatment of aliens
   
e.
Law relating to claims and damages
   
f.
Obligations Erga Omnes
   
g.
Abuse of rights
 
9.
The Law relating to the acquisition and loss of Nationality
   
a.
International importance of nationality
   
b.
Nationality of corporations and un-incorporated associations
   
c.
The law relating to extradition, rendition and asylum
 
10.
Human Rights and fundamental freedoms
   
a.
The UN Charter provisions
   
b.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
   
c.
International Covenants of 1966 and Other related Conventions
   
d.
Regional Conventions and Treaties
   
e.
The Constitution of India and International Human Rights Law
 
11.
Peaceful Settlement of International Disputes (with reference to Article 33 of UN Charter)
 
12.
The Law relating to International Institutions
   
a.
The UN General Assembly
   
b.
The Security Council
   
c.
The Economic and Social Council
   
d.
The development of International Law through the International Court of Justice
   
e.
The UN Secretariat
 
13.
Private International Law with special reference to Goa.
       
  BOOKS RECOMMENDED
 
1.
J. G. Starke : Introduction to International Law
 
2.
S. K. Kapoor : Public International law
 
3.
M. P. Tandon : Public International law
 
4.
U. Chandra : Human Rights.
 
5.
Justice Palok Basu : Human Rights
 
6.
Dr. S. K. Awasthi : Human Rights
       
4.
Interpretation of Statutes
 
1.
Basic Principles:
   
Meaning of interpretation, construction, Intention of legislature
 
2.
General Principles of Interpretations:
   
Literal interpretation, golden rule, the mischief rule, construction re magis valeat quam pareat, regard to consequences, statute to read as a whole
 
3.
Internal Aids to Construction
 
4.
External Aids to Construction
 
5.
Other Principles of Construction:
   
Treatment of general words, beneficial construction, construction in Bona Partem, restrictive construction, harmonious construction, construction in pan materia, construction to prevent evasion or abuse, equitable construction.
 
6.
Imperative And Directive Statutes
 
7.
Codifying And Consolidating Statutes
 
8.
Presumptions
   
a.
Presumption against ousting established jurisdiction
   
b.
Presumption against exceeding territorial nexus
   
c.
Presumption against ouster of jurisdiction of courts.
   
d.
Presumption against changes in common law.
   
e.
Presumption against including what is inconvenient or unreasonable.
   
f.
Presumption against intending injustice or absurdity.
   
g.
Presumption against retrospective operation of Law
   
h.
Presumption against violation of international law
   
i.
Presumption on favour of constitutionality of a statute.
 
9.
Maxims And Principles
   
a.
Casus omissus
   
b.
Contemporanea expositio
   
c.
Nosutura a sochiis
   
d.
Rule of ejusdem generis
   
e.
Ut res magis valeat quam pareat
   
f.
Gerralia specialibus non derogant
   
g.
Ex visceribus actus
   
h.
Acts in pan material rodendo singula singulis
   
i.
Expressio unius est exclusio alterius.
 
10.
General Clauses Act
   
a.
Definitions Sec. 3
   
b.
Commencement of Acts
   
c.
Repeal
   
d.
Commencement and Termination of time
   
e.
Computation of time
   
f.
Measurement of distances
   
g.
Duty to be done on pro-rata
   
h.
Gender & number
   
i.
Powers conferred
   
j.
Power to appoint
       
  BOOKS RECOMMENDED
 
1.
G. P. Singh : Interpretation of Statutes  
 
2.
Maxwell : Interpretation of Statutes  
 
3.
Avtar Singh : Interpretation of Statutes  
 
4.
Bare Act : General Clauses Act  
       
Eigth Semester
       
1.
Administrative
 
1.
Introduction:
   
Definition, Nature and scope of administrative law, reasons for the growth of administrative law, rule of law in England America and India, separation of powers and development in the united stats and India
 
 
2.
Delegated legislation:
   
Development, restraint on delegation, Control over delegated legislation: Judicial control, Legislative Control, Parliamentary control
 
3.
Classification of Administrative Action:
   
Legislative, Judicial, Quasi judicial and Administrative Actions
 
4.
Principles of Natural Justice:
   
a.
Rule against Bias, Kinds of Bias
   
b.
Rule of Fair Hearing: Contents
   
c.
Effect of failure of natural justice, Exceptions to the Principles of natural Justice
 
5.
Administrative Adjudication:
   
Reasons for the Growth, Structure and Procedure of Adjudicatory Bodies, Kinds of Tribunals
 
6.
Administrative Discretion:
   
Failure to exercise discretion, Excess or Abuse of discretion
 
7.
Judicial Control of Administrative Action:
   
a.
Prerogative Remedies, Laches and delay, Resjudicata
   
b.
Articles.136 and 226.
   
c.
Statutory Judicial Remedies: Civil Suits and Appeals
   
d.
Equitable Remedies: Injunctions and Declaratory Actions
 
8.
Estoppel and Waiver:
   
Government promise and estoppel in U.S.A. and England, Promissory estoppel in India
 
9.
Government Liability:
   
Government Contracts, Government Tortuous Liability
 
10.
Ombudsman and Central vigilance Commission
 
11.
Public Undertakings:
   
Reasons for the growth, Features, Control over Public undertakings
 
12.
Government privileges in legal proceedings
 
13.
Official Secrets and Right to Information
     
    BOOKS RECOMMENDED
   
1.
Sathe : Administrative Law  
   
2.
Jani M.P. : Principles of Administrative Law  
   
3.
Massey I.P. : Administrative Law  
   
4.
Philip and Wade : Administrative Law  
         
2.
Environmental Law
Concept of Environment and Pollution
 
1.
Environment—meaning and contents
 
2.
Pollution—meaning, kinds and effects of pollution
   
Legal control and historical perspective
 
3.
Environmental jurisprudence
 
4.
Criminal law and environment
 
5.
Common law and environment
 
6.
Constitutional perspectives
   
Fundamental rights—directive principles—fundamental duty—judicial approach— public interest litigation—right to information—doctrines of environmental pollution
 
7.
Water and Air pollution
   
a.
Meaning and standards, offences and penalties, judicial approach
   
b.
Authorities under the enactments their powers and functions
   
c.
Remedies in case of water and air pollution
 
8.
Noise pollution
 
9.
Legal control-judicial approach
 
10.
Environmental protection
 
11.
EP Act, 986—objectives, loopholes, judicial approach
 
12.
Environmental Impact assessment
 
13.
Bio-medical waste and hazardous waste
 
14.
Coastal Regulation zone, 1991
   
guidelines for beach resorts —role of judiciary
 
15.
Forest and greenery
 
16.
Greenery conservation laws—role of judiciary-authorities
 
17.
Protection of wild life
 
18.
Role of judiciary-offences-authorities
 
19.
International regime
 
20.
Stockholm conference, green house effect and ozone depletion-Rio conference-UN Declarations
       
  BOOKS RECOMMENDED
 
1.
Rosencranz : Environmental law and policy in India
 
2.
Kailash Thakur : Environmental protection law and policy in India
 
3.
Leelakrishnan : The Environmental Law in India
 
4.
Gandhi : Environmental law
 
5.
Karkera : Environmental law
       
3.
Land Laws
 
1.
The Goa Agricultural Tenancy Act, 1964
 
2.
The Goa Daman & Diu Buildings (Lease, rent, eviction) Control Act, 1968
 
3.
Land Revenue Code, 1968
 
4.
The Mundkar (Protection from Eviction) act 1975
 
5.
Mamlatdar’s Court Act, 1966
   
  BOOKS RECOMMENDED
 
1.
Bare acts
 
2.
Goa Law Times
   
4.
Women Poverty and Development Laws
Chapter —l
  The Constitution of India and women
   
a.
The Preamble, Fundamental Rights, Women Reservations, Women Reservations in elections to Local Bodies, Right against exploitation, Directive Principles — Women, Right of Women to economic development, Sexual Harassment of Women
Chapter —II
 
Personal Laws and Women
   
A.
Marriage
   
a. Hindu Women and Marriage
   
b. Muslim Women and Marriage
   
c. Christian Women and Marriage
   
d. Matrimonial Causes -Rights of Women
   
B.
Dissolution of Marriage (Divorce)
   
a. Muslim Women -Dissolution of Marriage
   
b. Christian women and Divorce
   
C.
Succession
   
a. Hindu Women and Succession
   
b. Muslim women and Succession
   
c. Succession among Christian women 54
   
D.
Maintenance
   
a. Hindu Women and Maintenance
   
b. Maintenance of Muslim Women
   
c. Maintenance under Criminal Procedure Code. 62
Chapter—III
  Uniform Civil Code and Gender Justice
   
a.
Introduction
   
b.
Personal Laws and Discrimination against women
   
c.
Uniform Civil Code and Indian Constitution
   
d.
Judicial behaviour and Uniform Civil Code
Chapter—IV
  Women and Criminal Law
   
a.
Introduction
   
b.
Offences affecting human body
   
c.
Offences relating to Marriage
   
d.
Cruelty by husband or his relatives for dowry
   
e.
Insulting the modesty of women
Chapter-V
  Law Relating to Dowry Prohibition
   
a.
The Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961
   
b.
Dowry Death and Dowry Suicide
   
c.
Cruelty by :Husband or Relatives for Dowry
Chapter-VI
  Industrial Law -Employment of Women
   
a.
Equal remuneration for Men and Women
   
b.
Maternity Benefit
   
c.
Other provisions for welfare and safety of women in Industrial laws
Chapter-VII
  Sex Determination Tests and Female Foeticlde
   
a.
Sex Determination Tests 128
   
b.
Termination of Pregnancy 132
Chapter-VIII
  Prevention of Immoral Traffic and Women
   
a.
Introduction
   
b.
Indian Legislation on Immoral Traffic 136
   
c.
Scheme of Legislation
   
d.
Purpose of Legislation
   
e.
Important Definitions
   
f.
Salient features
   
g.
Rehabilitative and Remedial Provisions
   
h.
Suggested measures
   
i.
Rescue and Rehabilitation of Prostitutes and their children
Part—Il
 
1.
Relevant Provisions of The Indian Evidence Act, 1872
 
2.
The Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961
 
3.
The Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971
 
4.
Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of Misuse) Act, 1994
 
5.
Relevant Provisions of The Factories Act, 1948.
 
6.
Relevant Provisions of The Mines Act,1952.
 
7.
Relevant Provisions of The Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948.
 
8.
The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961
 
9.
The Indecent Representation of Women {Prohibition) Act, 1986
 
10.
The Immoral Traffic {Prevention) Act, 1956.
 
11.
The Muslim Women {Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act, 1986.
 
12.
Relevant Provisions of The Special Marriage Act, 1954.
 
13.
The Family Courts Act, 198420
 
14.
The National Commission for Women Act, 1990.
 
15.
The Commission of Sati {Prevention) Act, 1987.
 
16.
The Human Rights Act, 1993.
 
17.
The Hindu Women’s Rights To Property Act,1937
   
  BOOKS RECOMMENDED
 
1.
Reddy G.B. : Women and The Law
 
2.
Jain M.P. : Constitutional Law
 
3.
Paras Diwan : Hindu Law
 
4.
Paras Diwan : Muslim Law
 
5.
Mishra : Labour Law
 
6.
Ratanlal : Indian Penal Code
 
7.
Avtar Singh : Law of Evidence



Contact Information
The Principal
V.M. Salgaocar College of Law,
Miramar - Panjim, Goa,
403 001 - India.
Phone: +91-832-462225
Fax: +91-832-421571
Email: principal@vmslaw.edu